the impacts of artisanal gold mining in sudan introduction many african countries are going through a phase of difficult economic conditions and a high rate of unemployment and poverty in their communities. over the years artisanal gold mining has been a source of income generation of many communities.
global mercury project socio economic sample study of the ingessana hills artisanal gold mining community blue nile state sudan by gold now top conflict mineral in congo report
in many countries elemental mercury is used in artisanal and small scale gold mining. mercury is mixed with gold containing materials forming a mercury gold amalgam which is then heated vaporizing the mercury to obtain the gold. this process can be very dangerous and lead to significant mercury exposure and health risks.
artisanal and small scale production supply accounts for 80% of global sapphire 20% of gold mining and up to 20% of diamond mining. it is widespread in developing countries in africa asia oceania and central and south america.
nov 30 2009018332shows the process of artisanal (small scale / independent) gold mining and processing using mercury in the mining triangle nicaragua.
the regulation of traditional gold mining (2012) sets conditions for practising artisanal mining such as registration safeguarding the environment stick to specified area of operation sell gold produced to the bank of sudan sale points organization of the artisanal gold mining in sudan cont.
the artisanal small scale gold mining (asgm) sector exposes miners to toxic mercury when they use the chemical to extract gold from ore. however with the right policies and market incentives asgm presents an opportunity to fight mercury use and contamination
environment of the sudan and it is trying to draw a road map for attaining a smart traditional or artisanal gold mining. this paper is a review article and therefore it is dependent to a great extent on a critical review of the available and reliable literature as well as the personal experience
8artisanal gold mining in sudan mining in south sudan opportunities and risks 201656ensp0183enspthe picture that emerges is a remarkable one artisanal gold mining in south sudan employs more than 60000 people and might indirectly benefit almost half a million people.